How to Start The Production And Sales Of Livestock Feed

The livestock feed production industry has been largely promoted as one of the most profitable agribusinesses to venture into.

This is because the producer does not undergo the risk and high costs of raising farm animals, which could usually cost a lot of money to run, probably get sick, or even worse.

Africa, especially Nigeria, has a major impact in the worldwide production and distribution of livestock feed. In 2016 for instance, the Nigerian animal feed sector was rated the 40th largest in the world, which is 11 steps ahead of its position in the previous years. This shows that Nigerian farmers are quickly getting involved in the sector, because of the opportunities that abound in it.

About 1 billion tonnes of animal feed is sold worldwide, whereas Nigeria alone was estimated to have produced approximately 3.8 million metric tons of animal feed in 2014 alone. The Nigerian Institute of Animal Science statistics also shows that Nigeria hit 5.3 million metric tonnes (MT) of animal feed in 2015, as it produced 3.2 million metric tonnes (MMT) of egg, 1.1 million metric tonnes (MMT) of chicken meat, 647,750 metric tonnes of aquaculture, 265,000 metric tonnes of pork, 53,000 metric tonnes of milk, and 41,250 metric tonnes of beef, amongst others.

This figure has grown steadily over the years, with the country experiencing leaps in the worldwide ranking of livestock feed producers, especially in the area of fish farming (aquaculture).

What Is Livestock Feed Production About?

Livestock feed production is the manufacturing of animal feed like poultry or chicken feed, cattle feed, goat feed, dog food, bird food, and several other types, with raw agricultural ingredients like corn, wheat, sorghum, forage, vitamins, additives and minerals, and formulates them into a nutritious feed tailored for a production animal’s specific dietary needs.

Facts And Benefits Of Livestock Feed Production

1). Serves as a great protein source for animals.

2). A source of employment.

3). Can be cheap to produce.

4). The raw materials can be locally sourced.

5). Machinery can be locally fabricated at an affordable cost.

6). The market is growing rapidly every year.

Business Opportunities In Livestock Feed Production Around The World

Livestock feed production is an agribusiness sector that has a lot of opportunities. From chicken feed production to fish feed production, the opportunities and diversity potential of any livestock feed production business remains vast.

Here are some business opportunities in the livestock feed production in many places around the world including Nigeria or Africa as a continent:

1). Chicken Feed Production (Poultry): 

Poultry or chicken feed are food usually consumed by chickens, ducks, geese, and other domestic birds. They could consist of one or more varieties of whole, cracked, or rolled grains. These feed can also be served through troughs, hoppers, tube feeders, scratch grains or scattered on the ground.

Poultry feed is one of the most sort after animal feed products, because of the volume of poultry animals raised in many parts of the world yearly.

Some common categories of poultry or chicken feed in Nigeria, Africa, and everywhere else around the world are:

  • Layer Mesh
  • Broiler Mesh
  • Chick/Starter Mesh
  • Grower Mesh

If you must start a livestock feed production business, manufacturing poultry feed is a must!

2). Fish Food Production: 

Fish food or pellets are used to balance the nutrition needed by domesticated fishes. They are usually in pelletised or granule forms, and are composed of high quality nutrients like vegetable proteins, cereal grains, vitamins and minerals, to enable the fishes feed efficiently and grow to their full potential.

High quality fish food are always in high demand. You can take advantage of the market’s preference for this and manufacture slightly low priced, but good quality feeds to gain a quick market acceptance.

Some other livestock feed business opportunities to explore include:

  • Pig Feed Production
  • Goat Feed Production
  • Cattle Feed Production
  • Dog Food Production
  • Cat Food Production

Setting Up Your Livestock Feed Production Business

1). Create Your Feed Formula: 

After choosing the type of livestock feed you want to produce, the next step is to create a feed formula for them. Each livestock feed would be different from the other, as chicken feed would be different from fish feed. You’d then need to study the nutritional requirements of each animal, so you can determine how best to create a feed that can lead to high yields.

Some basics that could make up your animal feed include corn, wheat, sorghum, forage, vitamins, additives, and minerals. Making animal feed from a good mixture of some of these will result in a highly nutritious product.

But it’s best you attend a series of seminars on how to make high quality animal feed, so you can get the best results.

2). Purchase And Mix The Feed Ingredients:

After drawing up a great formula, purchasing the pieces you’d need to make your high-valued feed is the next step.

Some ingredients to get include maize, oyster shells, soybean, wheat offal, minerals, common salt, corn, wheat, and several others.

When your suppliers bring in the ingredients, they’re to be weighed, tested, and analysed for different nutrients to ensure their quality and safety. This will help nutritionists to even formulate better livestock feed for specific species.

3). Get The Feed Equipment & Machinery:

Some very important livestock feed equipment and machinery you must acquire for a maximum output are:

  • Grinders
  • Blenders & Mixers
  • Pelleters
  • Steam boiler
  • Scales
  • Sifters
  • Bag sewers
  • Packaging

4). Package Your Livestock Feed:

After manufacturing your livestock feed, the next step is to package it right for the market. It is always best to follow the standards of the most successful product out there. By doing this, your packaging will ring a quality alarm anytime a person comes across your product in the market for the first time.

5). Market The Livestock Feed:

To sell your livestock feed, there are many ways you could go about it. Some of these are:

  • Building a periodic supply chain to stores
  • Owning a distribution outlet
  • Building an 0n-field sales team

And several others.

Challenges Of Livestock Feed Production

The challenges of livestock feed production mostly ranges between these listed below:

1). Lack of experience.

2). High cost of production.

3). Low consumer purchasing power.

4). Lack of subsidy for local agricultural production.

5). Poorly managed supply chain.

6). Spoilage of raw materials.

7). Poor processing and storage materials.


While there are several agribusinesses that have high potentials for profitability, livestock feed production is a great one to venture into, if executed at the right scale with a broad diversity in animal feeds produced and sold both locally and for exports.

What are your thoughts on this? kindly let your opinion known in the comment section below.
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